Violence is treated differently across the world and the various legal domains: criminal law, criminal procedure, and civil rights. From the international criminal law (ICL) perspective, there are actions that are recognized as a grave crime but looking closely they do not receive the same treatment from the domestic legal systems. Thinking of violence in ICL, it immediately reminds violence against women (VAW) and gender-based violence (GBV). In fact, in some cases, people invoke custom, tradition and/or religion in their defense to justify human rights violations and international crimes. VAW and GBV are used especially against vulnerable groups such as women, children, elderly people and LGBT.